Carryl Baldwin

Carryl Baldwin

Carryl Baldwin

Associate Professor

Transportation and Auditory research

Dr. Baldwin teaches and conducts research in conjunction with the Human Factors and Applied Cognition program. She has over 20 years of experience investigating human factors issues in mental workload, surface and air transportation and cognitive aging. Her primary research interests are in the area of Applied Auditory Cognition and Human-Automation Interaction. Much of her work involves the use of neurophysiological measures (i.e., EEG, ERP, EKG, and eye tracking) to examine the attentional state and effort expended when people perform multiple modality dual tasks as a function of changes in sensory or environmental condition or cognitive aspects of the task. Dr. Baldwin has an active line of externally funded research and is currently working in conjunction with sponsors such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Foundation, Federal Highway Administration, Northrup Grumman, and Lockhead Martin.  Previously she has successfully completed multiple projects for the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation and both NASA Langley and NASA Ames.


Current Research


Baldwin, C.L. (PI), Wiese, E. (Co-PI).  Mental Models of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems.  Toyota Motors. August 2017- August 2019.  $636,124.

Baldwin, C. L. (PI).  Trust in Autonomy Testbed Development.  Lockheed Martin, March 2017-September 2017. $70,000.

Baldwin, C.L.  (PI).  Multimodal Interfaces to Support Implicit Attentional Control for Autonomous Systems.  Northrup Grumman, September, 2016 – September 2017.  $175,000.

Baldwin, C.L. (PI). Advanced Displays and Controls for Semiautonomous Systems. National Highway Safety Administration. Contract WPN 16-291, September, 2016 to September, 2017, $100,000.

Baldwin, C.L. (PI). SHRP2 Research Support. Federal Highway Administration, August 16,     2016 to August 15, 2018, $127,152.

Bannan, B., (Project Director) Peixoto, N. (Co-Director), and Baldwin, C. (Co-Director), Engineering networked tracking devices for smart medical and emergency response training. Provost Multidisciplinary Research Initiative. September 1, 2015 to August 31, 2016, $50,000.

Baldwin, C. L. (PI), Detection of Mind Wandering during Driving with Physiological Metrics. National Highway Safety Administration. Contract DTNH22-14-C-00404, September, 2014 to May 2017, $288,408.

Baldwin, C. L. (PI), Urgency Coding Validations and Continued Development and Validation of the HFCV Predictive DVI Software Tool. Sponsored by the National Highway Safety Administration, Subcontract with WESTAT. December 5 2013 to October 4, 2015, $275,714.

Baldwin, C. L. (PI), Multimodal Urgency Coding – II, Human Factors in Connected Vehicles -II (HFCV), Subcontract with WESTAT. Sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. September 2011-July 2013, $199,472.

Baldwin, C. L. (PI), Forward Collision Warning Variability Research. Crash Warning Interface Metrics (CWIM) Phase 3 Subcontract with WESTAT. Sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. September 2011-July 2013, $299,945.

2011-Present: Principle Investigator, Multimodal Urgency Coding – II, Human Factors in Connected Vehicles -II(HFCV), Subcontract with WESTAT.  Sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, $200,000.

2011-Present: Principle Investigator, Forward Collision Warning Variability Research.  Crash Warning Interface Metrics (CWIM) Phase 3 Subcontract with WESTAT.  Sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, $300,000.

2010-2015: Project Director, Air Force Office of Scientific Research in conjunction with CENTEC: Center of Excellence in Neuroergonomics, Technology, and Cognition. "Auditory Cognition and Spatial Navigation and Neuroadaptive Systems for Enhanced Training."

2009-2012: Principal Investigator, Naval Research Lab. "Real-Time Adaptive Training using Physiological Measures for Mitigation," $564,000.

Selected Publications


Baldwin, C. L. (2012). Auditory Cognition and Human Performance: Research and Applications.Clermont, FL: CRC Press – Taylor & Francis.



Recent Journal Articles


Baldwin, C. L., & Lewis, B. A. (2017). Positive valence music restores executive control over sustained attention. Plos One, 12(11), e0186231. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0186231

Baldwin, C. L., Roberts, D. M., Barragan, D., Lee, J. D., Lerner, N., & Higgins, J. S. (2017). Detecting and Quantifying Mind Wandering during Simulated Driving. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11, 406. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00406

Baldwin, C. L., Roberts, D. M., & Lewis, B. A. (in press). Driving Simulator Evaluation of Unimodal and Bimodal Alerts under Varying Cognitive Load. Recent Advances in Psychology: An International Journal, 4(1).

Lewis, B. A., Eisert, J. L., & Baldwin, C. L. (2018). Validation of Essential Acoustic Parameters for Highly Urgent In-Vehicle Collision Warnings. Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 60(2), 248-261. doi:10.1177/0018720817742114

Lewis, B. A., Daniel M. Roberts, D. M.*, Baldwin, C. L. (2016).  CRASINS: An Improved Method for Urgency Scaling Within and Across Modalities, International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics, 4(2), 126-143.

Hancock, P. A., Baldwin, C. L., Warm, J. S., Szalma, J. L. (2017).  Between Two Worlds:  Discourse on the Vigilant and Sustained Contributions of Raja Parasuraman.  Human Factors, 59(1), 28-34.

Werner, N.E.*, Foroughi, C.K*, Baldwin, C.L., Youmans, R., Boehm-Davis, D. A. (2017).  Associative activation during interrupted task performance: A mixed methods approach to understanding the overall quality effects of interruptions.  Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, On-line first DOI:  DOI: 10.1080/1463922X.2017.1284282.

Barragan, D., Roberts, D. M., & Baldwin, C. L. (2016). Validation of the attention-related driving errors scale (ARDES) in an English-speaking sampleHuman Factors.

Roberts, D. M., Barragan, D., Chong, S. D., & Baldwin, C. L. (2016). ECG, pupillometry, and eye gaze measures of mindwandering across tasks. In Proceedings of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting.

Roberts, D. M., Barragan, D., Tweedie, D. W., Cantwell, J., Lipshie, N., & Baldwin, C. L. (2016). Indices of internal distractions during simulated driving and the sustained attention to response task. In Proceedings of 2nd Edition International Symposium on Somnolence, Vigilance, and Safety.

Baldwin, C. L., & Lewis, B. A. (2014). Equating Perceived Urgency across Modalities within a Simulated Driving Context.  Applied Ergonomics.

Buzzell, G., Roberts, D., Baldwin, C. L., & McDonald, C. (in press).  Electrophysiological Indices of Spatial/ Semantic Conflict in the Auditory Modality: Effect of Individual Differences in Navigational Strategy.  International Journal of Psychophysiology.

Baldwin, C. L., Eisert, J. L., Garcia, A.J., Lewis, B.,  Pratt, S. M., & Gonzalez, C. (2012). Multimodal Urgency Coding:  Auditory, Visual, and Tactile Parameters and Their Impact on Perceived Urgency. Work41, S1, 3586-3591. doi: 10.3233/WOR-2012-0669-3586.

Baldwin, C. L., & Penaranda, B. N. (2012). Adaptive training using an artificial neural network and EEG metrics for within- and cross-task workload classification, Neuroimage,49(1), 48-56, doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.07.047. 

Baldwin, C. L. (2011).  Verbal collision avoidance messages during simulated driving: perceived urgency, alerting effectiveness, and annoyance. Ergonomics, 54(4), 328-337.

Baldwin, C. L., & Ash, I.  (2011). The role of sensory acuity in working memory capacity in young and old adults. Psychology and Aging25(3), 85-91.

Baldwin, C. L., & May, J. F. (2011). Loudness interacts with semantics in auditory warnings to impact rear-end collisions, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, 14(1), 36-42. 

Baldwin, C. L., & Reagan, I. (2009). Individual differences in route-learning strategy and associated working memory resources. Human Factors51, 368-377.


1997   Doctorate of Philosophy: Human Factors Psychology.

          University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota.

1994   Master of Arts: Human Factors Psychology.

          University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota.

1987   Bachelors of Arts: Psychology Major / Asian Studies Minor.

          University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska.    

Dissertations Supervised

Jesse Lee Eisert, Using Theoretical Models of Fatigue to Design Optimal Fatigue Countermeasures (2018)

Daniel M. Roberts, Time Domain and Frequency Domain Measures of the EEG in Relation to Crossmodal Spatial Attention (2017)

Bridget A Lewis, Individual Differences in Intramodal and Crossmodal Inattentional Insensitivity and the Design of In-vehicle Alert Systems (2017)

Andre Garcia, Individual Differences in Rapid Spatial Orientation Across Spatial Frames of Reference (2014)

Jane Barrow, The Influence of Musically-Induced Emotion on Biases in Visual and Auditory Spatial Attention (2013)