Center of Excellence in Neuroergonomics, Technology, and Cognition
College of Humanities and Social Sciences

Interim Progress Report I





George Mason University

Center of Excellence in Neuroergonomics,
Technology, and Cognition (CENTEC)

Interim Progress Report

Submitted: December 8, 2010

Raja Parasuraman, Principal Investigator

Sponsored by:
Air Force Office of Sponsored Research (AFOSR)
Arlington, VA 22033

Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)
Human Effectiveness Directorate
Wright Patterson AFB OH 45433-7801

Award No: FA9550-10-1-0385

Award Effective Date: July 15, 2010

Reporting Period: July 15, 2010 – December 8, 2010

DISCLAIMER

The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted
as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Air Force or the U.S.
Government.

CONTENTS

  • 1. Start of Project   
                                                                                               
  • 2. Research                                                                                                       
     
  • 3. Training                                                                                                        
    3.1 Graduate Students in the Human Factors and Applied Cognition Program             
    3.2 Graduate Students in the Neuroscience Program                                                
    3.3 Graduate Students in the Bioinformatics Program                                                
    3.4 Research Assistants/Fellows            
                                                                     
  • 4. Collaborative Activities                                                                                      
    4.1 Technical Exchanges at Conferences                                                                  
    4.2 Scientific Meetings at AFRL                                                                               
    4.3 CENTEC Inaugural Meeting at GMU                                                                     
    4.4 Other Ongoing and Planned GMU-AFRL Research Collaborations   
                            
  • 5. Publications and Conference Presentations                                                           
    5.1 CENTEC Member Publications                                                                            
    5.2 Special Issue of NeuroImage on “Neuroergonomics: The Brain in                         
         Action and at Work.” 

1. Start of Project

George Mason University (GMU) received a Notice of Award from the Air Force Office of
Scientific Research (AFOSR) on July 12, 2010. The award specified a period of performance of
five years.
 
The Center of Excellence in Neuroergonomics, Technology, and Cognition (CENTEC) was
officially launched at GMU on July 15, 2010. CENTEC is funded by the AFOSR and by the Air
Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). Program Managers are Dr. Jun Zhang (AFOSR) and Dr.
Morley Stone (AFRL).
 
CENTEC was chartered as an official Center at GMU on September 20, 2010. The web site
for the Center is centec.gmu.edu.
 
This interim progress report describes research, training, and collaborative activities during
the period from the start of the project, July 15, 2010 through December 8, 2010. Financial
reports have been sent separately.

2. Research

There are 9 Project Areas within CENTEC, each with a GMU Project Leader. Each Project
Area is also linked to associated project scientists at AFRL. The Project Areas and GMU Project
Leaders are:
1. Molecular Genetic and Neuroimaging Studies of Complex Cognition (Parasuraman).
2. Trust in Automation and Cyberspace (Parasuraman).
3. Computational Analysis of Neural Mechanisms of Learning and Memory (Ascoli).
4. Emerging Cognitive Neuroimaging Technologies (Thompson).
5. Interruptions and Multi-Tasking (Boehm-Davis).
6. Auditory Cognition and Spatial Navigation (Baldwin).
7. Eye Movements, Attention, and Situation Awareness (Peterson).
8. Neuroadaptive Systems for Enhanced Training (Baldwin).
9. Neuroadaptive Automation Based on Transcranial Doppler Sonography (Shaw).
 
During this reporting period when CENTEC has been in the start up phase, GMU Project
Leaders were engaged in identifying key research issues. Research activities within and across
each of the 9 Project Areas have begun. Plans have been made for extensions of ongoing
neuroergonomic research related to these areas. At the same time, the design of new studies has
commenced, and data collection has progressed on experiments and modeling for each. The
publications and presentations of CENTEC faculty and students that have resulted to date are
listed at the end of this progress report in section 5.
In addition, Project Leaders in each area have met with AFRL personnel in discussions to
identify mutual areas of interest and to plan for collaborative research. Such collaboration plans
include all 9 Project Areas (see section 4).
 
3. Training
  
Several students and research assistants have been recruited and hired to receive training in
neuroergonomics methods and to participate in one of the 9 CENTEC research projects. The
personnel hired to date and their faculty advisors are listed below:

3.1 Graduate Students in the Human Factors and Applied Cognition Program

Name                   Faculty Advisor
Brian Falcone        Raja Parasuraman
Andre Garcia         Carryl Baldwin
David Kidd            Carryl Baldwin
Ryan McKendrick    Raja Parasuraman
Nicole Werner        Deborah Boehm-Davis
 
Brian Falcone is working under the supervision of Raja Parasuraman on the effects of
transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on cognitive functioning. Andre Garcia spent the
summer of 2010 working at AFRL on a project on EEG and team vigilance. He has since
continued research under the supervision of Carryl Baldwin on topics related to EEG, driving,
and simulator sickness. David Kidd is working on driver alarm research with Carryl Baldwin.
Ryan McKendrick is working with Raja Parasuraman on studies examining the effectiveness of
“emphasis change” as a training method for enhancing skill acquisition in dual tasks involving
attention and working memory sub-tasks.

3.2 Graduate Students in the Neuroscience Program

Name                     Faculty Advisor
Christopher Rees     Giorgio Ascoli
Ashley Safford         Jim Thompson
 
Christopher Rees is working under the supervision of Giorgio Ascoli on the use of advanced
computing methods to characterize neuronal connectivity in the hippocampus. Ashley Safford is
working with Jim Thompson on fMRI studies of attention and biological motion.
 
3.3 Graduate Students in the Bioinformatics Program
 
Name                     Faculty Advisor
Robert Murphy         Karl Fryxell/Raja Parasuraman
 
Robert Murphy is working under the joint supervision of Karl Fryxell and Raja
Parasuraman. He is currently being trained in both molecular genetic and cognitive testing
methods.

3.4 Research Assistants/Fellows

Name                       Faculty Advisor
Ryan McGarry            Pamela Greenwood
Lara Moody               Frank Krueger/Raja Parasuraman
 
Ryan McGarry is working under the supervision of Pamela Greenwood on studies
examining the effects of different cognitive training methods (including video game training) on
performance and brain connectivity (using diffusion tensor imaging). Lara Moody is working
jointly with Frank Krueger and Raja Parasuraman on behavioral and fMRI studies of trust in
human and machine agents.

4. Collaborative Activities

One of the goals of CENTEC is to foster research collaborations and scientific exchanges
between GMU and AFRL. The following collaborative activities have taken place to date.

4. 1. Technical Exchanges at Conferences

4.1.1. The 1st International Conference on Neuroergonomics. This conference was held in
Miami, FL, July 17-20, 2010, as part of the Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics
Conference, and was attended by both AFRL and CENTEC members. There were six two-hour
sessions on various topics in neuroergonomics research and practice, all of which were very well
attended (standing room only). Ten faculty and students from GMU, all members of CENTEC,
contributed to several of the sessions, as did several scientists from the Human Effectiveness
Directorate (HED) of the 711 Human Performance Wing (HPW) of AFRL.
The following technical exchanges and collaborative activities took place:
(a) Prior to the start of the main conference, CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman and
AFRL-HPW member Glenn Wilson jointly directed a half-day tutorial on Neuroergonomics
Theory and Methods: Neural, Computational, and Genetic, that attracted 16 fee-paying
attendees. There was considerable interest generated among attendees regarding
neuroergonomics techniques and their continuing development and application in CENTEC.
(b) CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman and his group had productive interactions with
AFRL-HPW Senior Scientist Joel Warm and his associates concerning new findings on cerebral
blood flow and oxygenation in relation to vigilance performance. Drs. Warm and Parasuraman
had one joint presentation and proceedings paper at the conference.
(c) CENTEC Project Leader Carryl Baldwin and her students discussed similarities and
common findings from her work on EEG-based neuroadaptive systems for enhanced learning
with AFRL scientist James Christensen and his group’s research on real-time adaptive
automation. Both technical areas depend on the use of artificial neural network methods for
classification of operator states, as a result of which there was a productive exchange of
information on these methods between the GMU and AFRL groups.
(d) CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman and his group discussed brain stimulation
techniques for enhancing cognition with Andy McKinley and his group at AFRL who are using
transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).
CENTEC possesses a MagStim TMS system and is planning to acquire a tDCS system and to
begin a program of research on comparing the efficacy of brain stimulation to cognitive training
techniques in enhancing skill acquisition. Raja Parasuraman is planning a visit to AFRL later in
2010/2011 to meet with Andy McKinley and his group to coordinate planning for such studies.
4.1.2. Human Factors and Ergonomics Conference. This conference was held in San
Francisco, September 27 to October 1, 2010. In attendance were many CENTEC members and
also several AFRL members, including CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman and AFRL Senior
Scientist Joel Warm. The technical exchanges that took place at the 1st International Conference
on Neuroergonomics were continued. In particular, the plans for the special issue of NeuroImage
on neuroergonomics (see section 5) were further discussed and finalized.
4.1.3. Society for Neuroscience. This large international conference, which took place in
San Diego November 13-17, 2010, was attended by a few CENTEC members (Krueger,
Parasuraman, Thompson, plus accompanying graduate students). While there were no CENTECAFRL
meetings that took place, CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman took the opportunity to
meet with several prominent neuroscientists who attended the meeting to inform them of the
establishment of CENTEC and of the Air Force’s interest in this area as another example of
translational neuroscience. He also met with some of the authors invited to submit a paper to the
special issue of NeuroImage on neuroergonomics (see section 5). In addition, CENTEC member
Giorgio Ascoli gave a demonstration at the conference that was illustrative of the use of
advanced computational techniques that are also being examined in CENTEC projects. His
presentation was entitled “Neurons on the Net,” describing work on the “Hippocampone”
project—a database of potential connectivity among neuronal classes in the rodent
hippocampus—at the International Neuroinformatics Coordinating Facility booth.
4.1.4. International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (ISAP). CENTEC Project Leader,
Carryl Baldwin and AFRL Senior Scientist Joel Warm along with several AFRL scientists and
CENTEC scholar Andre Garcia have submitted collaborative work to the ISAP conference to be
held in Dayton, Ohio in May 2011.

4.2 Scientific Meetings at AFRL

During the period July 27-28, 2010, a group of 10 faculty and graduate students from
CENTEC, including CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman and project scientists Dr. Carryl
Baldwin and Dr. Kenneth De Jong, visited the 711 HPW in Dayton, OH. The following activities
took place.
July 27, 2010.
(a) Drs. Paul Havig, Kristen Liggett and Eric Geiselman, and John McIntire presented
     their research on “Information Visualization and Interaction Techniques.”
(b) Dr. James Christensen presented research on adaptive interfaces involving real time
     assessment of operator cognitive state using EEG.
(c) Drs. Ben Knott and Scott Galster discussed their team-based research “Cognitive
     Technologies for Teams”, which incorporated design tools used to enhance team
     performance. GMU Ph.D. student and CENTEC member, Andre Garcia, also gave a
     presentation about his summer AFRL internship research working in this group, on
     “Team Vigilance”.
(d) Drs. Nandini Iyer and Brian Simpson gave a demonstration of their spatial audio
     research, which incorporated 3-D technology (i.e. a large sphere for presentation of
     audio signals at 3-D locations). They illustrated the effectiveness of spatial 3-D audio
     cues in speeding response time during search for visual targets.
(e) Drs. Dianne Popik and Victor Finomore discussed their research on a Multi-Modal
     Communications System that uses speech recognition software to convert audio to
     text for a more naturalistic communication interface.
(f) Dr. John Schlager presented research on Nano-Toxicology and Molecular-Based
     Performance, involving the study of cellular pathways involved in cognitive
     functioning.
(g) Dr. Andy McKinley closed the day with a presentation on his research on “Noninvasive
     Brain Stimulation to Accelerate Learning and Enhance Cognition”, which
     uses Transcranial Magnetic Stimuation (TMS) and, Transcranial Direct Current
     Stimulation (tDCS) as techniques to enhance cognitive functioning.
July 28, 2010.
CENTEC members gave presentations to a large group of AFRL scientists. The meeting
was very well attended; in fact because of lack of space in the main conference hall, an overflow
space with closed-circuit TV had to be provided for attendees who were unable to find a seat in
the main room.
Dr. Morley Stone initiated the meeting by describing his efforts at AFRL at setting up a
Center of Excellence in the field of Neuroergonomics. He expressed thanks to AFOSR and to Dr.
Jun Zhang, Program Manager.
Dr. Raja Parasuraman then gave an overview of CENTEC and its major goals. He briefly
described the nine major CENTEC project areas, the project leaders and associated investigators,
and examples of the research issues involved in each project. He also emphasized that CENTEC
was not just a research project but also involved training of graduate students and postdoctoral
fellows in neuroergonomics techniques, as well as collaborations between AFRL and GMU
personnel.
Three research presentations followed this overview talk. First, Dr. Parasuraman gave a
talk on “Cognitive Superstars: Neural and Genetic Studies.” This presentation focused on the use
of molecular genetic studies of cognitive functioning, with a focus on individuals with
exceptional ability. This work falls within Project Area 1 in CENTEC, Molecular Genetic and
Neuroimaging Studies of Complex Cognition.
Dr. Carryl Baldwin then talked on “Neuroadaptive Systems for Enhanced Learning.” She
described her research on using real-time assessment of operator cognitive state using EEG and
artificial neural networks. She then described this neuroadaptive system could be used to change
the pace and presentation format during learning of a UAV task involving identification of
specific targets. This research falls within Project Area 8 in CENTEC, Neuroadaptive Systems
for Enhanced Training.
Finally, Dr. Kenneth De Jong gave a presentation on “Evolutionary Computation and Trust
in Cyberspace.” He described his research on the use of evolutionary computation in addressing
complex problems in computer and network security, and how this is related to the issue of trust
in automated systems. This work falls within Project Area 2 in CENTEC, Trust in Automation
and Cyberspace.
The meeting ended with a discussion of the presentations and of the previous day’s lab
tours, between the AFRL and CENTEC scientists.
August 10, 2010.
Andre Garcia, a CENTEC member and a graduate student in the Human Factors and
Applied Cognition (HFAC) Ph.D. program at GMU, gave a presentation at AFRL on his summer
internship research conducted there. Mr. Garcia gave a well-regarded talk on “Team Vigilance:
The Effects of Co-Action on Cortical Activity, Workload, and Stress.” This work was conducted
under the direction of Ben Knott, Greg Funke, and Joel Warm at AFRL. Mr. Garcia, who
received a Repperger Fellowship to spend the summer at AFRL, returned to GMU August 25,
2010 to continue his graduate studies and his participation in CENTEC. It is anticipated that
other GMU students in the HFAC program will similarly spend time in AFRL labs in the
summer of 2011 and beyond.
November 6, 2010.
Dr. Bill Kennedy was in the Phoenix/Mesa area for a meeting on computational social
science and met with Dr. Glenn Gunzelmann of AFRL to discuss potential areas of mutual
interest associated with CENTEC and cognitive modeling. Further discussions are planned.
November 16, 2010.
Project Scientist Dr. Matt Peterson (Attention, Eye Movements, and Situation Awareness)
traveled to Dayton and met with AFRL scientists Drs. Benjamin Knott, Gregory Funke, and
Victor Finomore at 711 HPW in Dayton, OH. They demonstrated current and past projects using
eye tracking to assess situation awareness and workload during complex visual and multi-modal
tasks.
December 8, 2010.
AFRL scientists Dr. Ben Knott and Dr. Greg Funke visited GMU and had further
discussions with CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman and Project Scientist Dr. Matt Peterson on
the use of eye movements to assess situation awareness.

4.3 CENTEC Inaugural Meeting at GMU

The inaugural (kick-off) meeting of CENTEC was held at GMU September 13-14, 2010.
This two-day event began on September 13 with tours of CENTEC lab facilities for about 20
visitors (from AFRL and other institutions). CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman met the AFRL
visitors at the Mason Inn hotel on the GMU campus and then escorted them to the CENTEC
labs. The tour began with visits to three labs: 1) Driving simulator lab, (2) Neuroadaptive
learning lab, the Team UAV simulator lab. This was followed by a presentation on multi-modal
neuroimaging. Subsequently, the visitors were taken for a tour of the robotics lab in the
Engineering Building. The day ended with presentations by Dr. Sean Luke on the MASON
simulation, an evolutionary computational modeling tool and by CENTEC member Dr. Bill
Kennedy on the use of MASON in modeling the potential for conflict over scarce resources. A
group of AFRL and CENTEC members then continued their interactions during a dinner that
evening on the GMU campus.
The inaugural meeting continued on September 14 with a full day of presentations by
CENTEC and AFRL members. Dr. Roger Stough, Vice President for Research and Economic
Development at GMU, opened the meeting. He welcomed all and indicated that CENTEC should
prove to be a major center for research and training at GMU. CENTEC Program Managers Dr.
Morley Stone of AFRL and Dr. Jun Zhang then spoke briefly on the establishment of CENTEC,
followed by CENTEC Director Dr. Raja Parasuraman who gave a historical overview of the
development of the field of neuroergonomics. His talk concluded with a description of the
project areas within CENTEC.
 
The morning and afternoon sessions then featured seven talks by CENTEC members:
(a) Dr. James Thompson: “Emerging Cognitive Neuroimaging Technologies.” (Project
     Area 4)
(b) Dr. Raja Parasuraman: “Molecular Genetics of Complex Cognition and Training.”
     (Project Area 1)
(c) Dr. Giorgio Ascoli: “Neurocomputation, Learning, and the Hippocampus.” (Project
     Area 3)
(d) Dr. Frank Krueger: “Neuroimaging of Human Trust.” (Project Area 2)
(e) Dr. Bill Kennedy: “Cognitive Modeling of Trust between Agents and Humans.”
     (Project Area 2).
(f) Dr. Matt Peterson: “Attention, Eye Movements, and Situation Awareness.” (Project
     Area 7).
(g) Dr. Carryl Baldwin: “Neuroadaptive Systems for Enhanced Learning.” (Project Area 8).
     The meeting ended with three presentations by AFRL scientists:
(a) Dr. James Christensen: “Real-time Assessment of Cognitive State using Pattern
     Classification.”
(b) Dr. Glenn Gunzelmann: “Modeling the Impact of Fatigue on Cognitive Processing.”
(c) Dr. Andy McKinley: “Brain Stimulation, Learning, and Cognition.”

4.4 Other Ongoing and Planned GMU-AFRL Research Collaborations

4.4.1 CENTEC Project Leader, Carryl Baldwin and AFRL scientist Nandini Iyer are
holding discussions and making plans for collaborative auditory research projects. Dr. Iyer
visited the CENTEC auditory laboratories in summer 2010 and plans are being proposed to
continue this exchange through a 3-month scientist in residence exchange where Dr. Iyer would
conduct research in CENTEC at GMU.
4.4.2. CENTEC Project Leader, Carryl Baldwin and AFRL scientist Gregory Funke have
exchanged data and numerous communications regarding physiological data collected by
CENTEC scholar, Andre Garcia.

 5. Publications and Conference Presentations

5.1 CENTEC Member Publications/Presentations

1. Baccus, W., Thompson, J.C. (June 2010). Contribution of body form and motion to responses
    to biological motion in MT+ and EBA depends on cue reliability. 17th Annual Meeting
    Human Brain Mapping Abstracts.
2. Baldwin, C. L., Coyne, J. T., & Christensen, J. (2011, in press). EEG metrics of workload
    and learner engagement. In M. Fafrowicz, T. Marek, W. Karwowski & D. Schmorrow (Eds.),
    Neuroadaptive Systems: theory and applications: Taylor & Francis/CRC Press.
3. Baldwin, C. L., Coyne, J. T., Roberts, D. M., Barrow, J. H., Cole, A., Sibley, C., Taylor, B.,
    Buzzell, G. (2010). Prestimulus Alpha as a Precursor to Errors in a UAV Target Orientation
    Detection Task. In, W. Karwowski and G. Salvendy, (Eds.), Applied Human Factors and
    Ergonomics, Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis.
4. Barrow, J. H., and Baldwin, C. L. (2010). Spatial audio vs. verbal directional cues: an
    examination of salience and disruptiveness within a simulated driving context. In
    Proceedings of the International Community of Auditory Display. (June, 2010, Washington,
    D. C.).
5. Barrow, J. H., and Baldwin, C. L. (2010). Allowing for Individual Differences in Auditory
    Warning Design: Who Benefits from Spatial Auditory Alerts? In Proceedings of the Human
    Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Conference. (September, 2010, San Francisco,
    CA).
6. Clarke, E., Andrews, A., Espeseth, T., Parasuraman, R., & Greenwood, P. M. (2010).
    Visuospatial attention influences mental representation in working memory as reflected in
    the CDA. Society of Neuroscience Abstracts, 399.10/KKK66. Washington DC: Society for
    Neuroscience.
7. Coyne, J. T., Sibley, C., Cole, A., Gibson, G., Baldwin, C. L., Roberts, D., Barrow, J. (2010).
    Adaptive training in an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle: Examination of several candidate realtime
    metrics. In W, Karwowski and G. Salvendy, (Eds.), Applied Human Factors and
    Ergonomics, Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis.
8. de Visser, E., & Parasuraman, R. (2010). Etiquette and the brain: Behavioral, computational,
    and neuroergonomic perspectives. In C. Hayes & C. Miller (Eds.), Human-Computer
    Etiquette: Understanding the Impact of Human Culture and Expectations on the Use and
    Effectiveness of Computers and Technology. (pp. 263-288). New York: Taylor & Francis.
9. de Visser, E., & Parasuraman, R. (2010). A neuroergonomic approach to human-computer
    etiquette and trust. In W. Karwowski & G. Salvendy (Eds). Applied Human Factors and
    Ergonomics. Boca-Raton: Taylor & Francis.
10. Fedota, J., McDonald, C. G., & Parasuraman, R. (2010). Modulation of conflict monitoring
    processes by stimulus ambiguity in an Eriksen flanker task: An event-related potential study.
    Society of Neuroscience Abstracts, 699.5/JJJ35. Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
11. Fedota, J., & Parasuraman, R. (2010). Neuroergonomics and human error. Theoretical Issues
    in Ergonomics Science, 11(5), 402-421.
12. Fu, S., Greenwood, P. M., Lin, M.-K., Wang, Y., Fryxell, K., & Parasuraman, R. (2010,
    November). CHRNA4 genotypes and visuospatial attention: An event-related potential study.
    Society of Neuroscience Abstracts, 198.9/III33. Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
13. Funke, M. E., Warm, J. S., Matthews, G., Finomore, Jr, V., Vidulich, M., Knott, B. A.,
    Helton, W. S., Shaw, T. H., & Parasuraman, R. (2010). Static and dynamic discriminations in
    vigilance: Effects on cerebral hemodynamics and workload. In W. Karwowski & G.
    Salvendy (Eds). Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics. Boca-Raton: Taylor & Francis.
14. Garcia, A., Baldwin, C. L., & Dworsky, M. (2010). Gender Differences in Simulator
    Sickness In Fixed- versus Rotating-Base Driving Simulator. In Proceedings of the Human
    Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Conference. (September, 2010, San Francisco,
    CA).
15. Garcia, A., Funke, M., Funke, G., &Warm, J. (2010). Team vigilance: The effects of coaction
    on vigilance. Warfighter Enhancement Activities, 4(1), 12.
16. Garcia, A., Funke, M., Funke, G., Knott, B., Finomore, V., Warm, J. S., Dukes, A., Kinsella,
    A., Nainaparampil, J., & Epling, S., (2010). Team vigilance: The effects of co-action on
    workload and vigilance. Warfighter Enhancement Activities, UCF IST ACTIVE Lab
    Newsletter, Expanded Edition 2010.
17. Kidd, D. G., Nelson, E. K., & Baldwin, C. L. (2010). The effects of repeated exposures to
    collision warnings on driving and secondary task performance. In Proceedings of the Human
    Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Conference. (September, 2010, San Francisco,
    CA).
18. Gartenberg, D., & Parasuraman, R. (2010). Understanding brain arousal and sleep quality
    using a neuroergonomic Smart Phone application. In W. Karwowski & G. Salvendy (Eds).
    Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics. Boca-Raton: Taylor & Francis.
19. Kennedy, W. G. (2010). Towards understanding trust through computational cognitive
    modeling. In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Biologically Inspired
    Cognitive Architectures. November 13-14. Arlington, VA: American Association for
    Artificial Intelligence.
20. Krueger, F., Pardini, M., Huey, E.D., Raymont, V., Solomon, J., Lipsky, R.H., Hodgkinson,
    C.A., Goldman, D., Grafman, J (November 2010). The role of the met66 BDNF allele in the
    recovery of executive functioning following combat-related traumatic brain injury. Society of
    Neuroscience Abstracts Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
21. Landgraf, S., van der Meer, E., & Krueger, F. (June 2010). Cognitive resource allocation for
    neuronal activity underlying mathematical cognition: A multi-method study. 17th Annual
    Meeting Human Brain Mapping Abstracts.
22. McCorry, D., & Thompson, J.C. (Nov 2010). Decoding covert speech states using functional
    magnetic resonance imaging and multi-voxel pattern analysis. Society for Neuroscience
    Abstracts. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience.
23. Parasuraman, R. (2010). Neurogenetics of working memory and decision making under time
    pressure. In W. Karwowski & G. Salvendy (Eds). Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics.
    Boca-Raton: Taylor & Francis.
24. Parasuraman, R. (in press). Neuroergonomics: Brain-inspired cognitive engineering. In J. D.
    Lee & A. Kirlik (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Engineering. Volume 1:
    Foundations, Perspectives and Cognitive Issues. New York: Oxford University Press.
25. Peterson, M.S., & Beck, M.R. (in press). Eye movements and memory. In I. Gilchrist & S.
    Everling (Eds.) Oxford Handbook on Eye Movements. Oxford, U.K.
26. Reinerman-Jones, Matthews, G., Warm, J.S., Langheim, L.K., Guznov, S., Shaw, T.H., &
    Finomore, V.S. (in press). The functional fidelity of individual differences research: The case
    for context-matching, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science.
27. Safford, A.S., Hussey, E.A., Parasuraman, R., Thompson, J.C. (June 2010). Object-based
    attentional modulation of biological motion: Spatiotemporal dynamics using fMRI and EEG.
    17th Annual Meeting Human Brain Mapping Abstracts.
28. Shaw, T., Guagliardo, L., de Visser, E., & Parasuraman, R. (2010). Using Transcranial
    Doppler Sonography to measure cognitive load in a command and control task. In
    Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Santa
    Monica, CA: HFES.
29. Shaw, T. H., Parasuraman, R., Guagliardo, L., & de Visser, E. (2010). Towards adaptive
    automation: A neuroergonomic approach to measuring workload during a command and
    control task. In W. Karwowski & G. Salvendy (Eds). Applied Human Factors and
    Ergonomics. Boca-Raton: Taylor & Francis.
30. Tsai, Y.D., Kang, S., & Peterson, M.S. (September 2010). Effects of individual differences
    on visual search task performance. In Proceedings of the Fifty-fourth Annual Meeting of the
    Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and
    Ergonomics Society.
31. Wheeler, D., Rees, C., & Ascoli, G. A. (November 2010). The "Hippocampome", a database
    of potential connectivity among neuronal classes in the rodent hippocampus. Society of
    Neuroscience Abstracts. Washington DC: Society for Neuroscience.
    Several additional publications are anticipated in 2011. Among these will be journal articles
    for a special issue of a journal, as indicated below.

5.2 Special Issue of NeuroImage on “Neuroergonomics: The Brain in Action and at Work.”

This special issue represents a key development relevant both to the research and
collaboration goals of CENTEC. There is a strong need for a special issue on the topic in a high
impact cognitive neuroscience journal. While neuroergonomics is increasingly well known in the
human factors area, it is not yet well represented in the mainstream neuroscience literature.
Accordingly, CENTEC Director Raja Parasuraman made an initial inquiry to the editors of
two high profile journals in cognitive neuroscience, The Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience and
NeuroImage regarding the possibility of a special issue. Both editors were positive, but the first
journal declined because they no longer publish special issues. The editor of the second journal,
NeuroImage, was enthusiastically positive.
Following initial inquiries, discussions, and a review by the editor and publishers, the
special issue is now planned for 2011, with 14 invited papers to be submitted by February 2011,
and a publication date of about September 2011. An exciting aspect of the special issue is the
agreement of Dr. Michael Posner to write a commentary article. Dr. Posner is particularly
appropriate given that he is both a highly regarded pioneer of human performance research (e.g.,
Fitts & Posner, 1969) and is considered a “father” of the cognitive neuroscience revolution
(Posner & Raichle, 1994).
The papers of the special issue will describe how research and practice in the field of
human factors and ergonomics can be enriched by consideration of theories and results from
neuroscience—in particular non-invasive neuroimaging, brain stimulation, molecular genetic,
and computational techniques. In turn, the papers will show how neuroergonomics offers another
example of translational neuroscience—as applied to normal populations engaged in work,
transportation, and other everyday activities, as opposed to applications to clinical populations
and medicine.
List of Invited Authors and Topics (CENTEC and AFRL contributors shown in bold; titles tentative).
1. Raja Parasuraman, James Christensen, and Scott Grafton, Special Issue Editors,
    Neuroergonomics: The human brain in action and at work.
2. James Thompson and Raja Parasuraman, George Mason University, Neuroimaging of
    attention and action observation.
3. Scott Grafton, University of California, Santa Barbara, fMRI/EEG and on-line control of
    action.
4. Miguel Eckstein and Barry Giesbrecht, University of California, Santa Barbara,
    Multimodal imaging and performance prediction.
5. Raja Parasuraman, George Mason University, and Yang Jiang, University of Kentucky,
    Individual differences in affect and cognitive performance: Neuroimaging and molecular
    genetic studies.
6. Mike Miller, University of California, Santa Barbara, Individual differences in brain
    structure and function and cognition.
7. Andy McKinley and Jeremy Nelson, Air Force Research Laboratory, TMS/tDCS and
    cognitive performance.
8. Yili Liu, Michigan, University of Michigan. Computational neuroergonomics.
9. Scott Makeig, University of California, San Diego, Mobile EEG in neuroergonomics.
10. James Christensen and Glenn Wilson, Air Force Research Laboratory, Real-time EEG
    classification of operator cognitive state.
11. Carryl Baldwin, George Mason University, Neuroadaptive EEG-based systems for
    enhanced learning in UAV tasks.
12. Vince Clark, University of New Mexico, Perceptual learning of concealed objects: A
    combined fMRI and tDCS study.
13. Scott Kerick and Kaleb McDowell, Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen, Functional
    connectivity analysis of high-density EEG in a shooting task.
14. Vince Calhoun, University of New Mexico, Functional connectivity in simulated
    driving.
15. Michelle Voss and Art Kramer, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Effects of
    video game training on functional connectivity in attentional networks.
16. Michael Posner, University of Oregon, Commentary and historical overview.
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